History of the Comstock Patent Medicine Business and Dr. Morse’s Indian Root Pills by Robert B. Shaw

Author: Robert B. Shaw
Published: 1916
Language: English
Wordcount: 22,582 / 77 pg
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mnybks.net#: 9076
Genres: Science, History

; Brother, No. 9 John Street

Lucius, for his part, never deigned to recognize his opponents as brothers but merely described them as “two young men who claim relationship to me.”

It was the position of J. Carlton and George that as they, equally with Lucius, were heirs of the dissolved firm of Comstock & Co. Brothers, they had as much right as Lucius to receive and open letters so addressed. Moreover, since the predecessor firm of Comstock & Co. had never been dissolved, J. Carlton also shared in any rights, claims, or property of this firm. In a more personal vein, the brothers also asserted in their brief that Lucius “is not on speaking terms with his aged mother nor any one of his brothers or sisters, Nephews or Nieces, or even of his Uncles or Aunts, embracing quite a large circle all of whom have been estranged from him, either by personal difficulties with him, or his improper conduct towards his brothers.” Lucius, in turn, had copies of his charges against his brothers, together with

A History of Science, vol 3 by Henry Smith Williams

Author: Henry Smith Williams
Language: English
Wordcount: 83,032 / 255 pg
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833- -Confirmation of Chladni’s hypothesis of 1794–The aurora borealis–Franklin’s suggestion that it is of electrical origin–Its close association with terrestrial magnetism–Evaporation, cloud-formation, and dew–Dalton’s demonstration that water exists in the air as an independent gas–Hutton’s theory of rain–Luke Howard’s paper on clouds–Observations on dew, by Professor Wilson and Mr. Six–Dr. Wells’s essay on dew–His observations on several appearances connected with dew–Isotherms and ocean currents–Humboldt and the-science of comparative climatology–His studies of ocean currents– Maury’s theory that gravity is the cause of ocean currents– Dr. Croll on Climate and Time–Cyclones and anti-cyclones, –Dove’s studies in climatology–Professor Ferrel’s mathematical law of the deflection of winds–Tyndall’s estimate of the amount of heat given off by the liberation of a pound of vapor–Meteorological observations and weather predictions.

CHAPTER VI

. MODERN THEORIES OF HEAT AND LIGHT <

A History of Science, vol 4 by Henry Smith Williams

Author: Henry Smith Williams
Language: English
Wordcount: 79,867 / 247 pg
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Origin: gutenberg.org

Genres: Science, History

f making a wrong deduction from the phenomenon of the calcination of the metals, because of a very important factor, the action of the air, which was generally overlooked. And he urged his colleagues of the laboratories to give greater heed to certain other phenomena that might pass unnoticed in the ordinary calcinating process. In his work, The Sceptical Chemist, he showed the reasons for doubting the threefold constitution of matter; and in his General History of the Air advanced some novel and carefully studied theories as to the composition of the atmosphere. This was an important step, and although Boyle is not directly responsible for the phlogiston theory, it is probable that his experiments on the atmosphere influenced considerably the real founders, Becker and Stahl.

Boyle gave very definitely his idea of how he thought air might be composed. “I conjecture that the atmospherical air consists of three different kinds of corpuscles,” he says; “the first, those numberless particles which, in the fo

A History of Science, vol 2 by Henry Smith Williams

Author: Henry Smith Williams
Language: English
Wordcount: 80,442 / 244 pg
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was any sudden change in the level of mentality of the Roman world at the close of the classical period. We must assume, then, that the direction in which the great minds turned was for some reason changed. Newton is said to have alleged that he made his discoveries by “intending” his mind in a certain direction continuously. It is probable that the same explanation may be given of almost every great scientific discovery. Anaxagoras could not have thought out the theory of the moon’s phases; Aristarchus could not have found out the true mechanism of the solar system; Eratosthenes could not have developed his plan for measuring the earth, had not each of these investigators “intended” his mind persistently towards the problems in question.

Nor can we doubt that men lived in every generation of the dark age who were capable of creative thought in the field of science, bad they chosen similarly to “intend” their minds in the right direction. The difficulty was that they did not so choose. Their minds had

The Sceptical Chymist by Robert Boyle

Author: Robert Boyle
Published: 1661
Language: English
Wordcount: 89,538 / 265 pg
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especially since I shall hereafter make it evident, that the Substances which Chymists are wont to call the Salts, and Sulphurs, and Mercuries of Bodies, are not so pure and Elementary as they presume, and as their Hypothesis requires. And this may therefore be the more freely press’d upon the Chymists, because neither the Paracelsians, nor the Helmontians can reject it without apparent Injury to their respective Masters. For Helmont do’s more than once Inform his Readers, that both Paracelsus and Himself were Possessors of the famous Liquor, Alkahest, which for its great power in resolving Bodies irresoluble by Vulgar Fires, he somewhere seems to call Ignis Gehennæ. To this Liquor he ascribes, (and that in great part upon his own Experience) such wonders, that if we suppose them all true, I am so much the more a Friend to Knowledge than to Wealth, that I should think the Alkahest a nobler and more desireable Secret than the Philosophers Stone it self. Of this Universal Dissolvent he relates, That having digested with it for a competent time a piece of Oaken Charcoal, it was thereby reduc’d into a couple of new and distinct Liquors, discriminated from each other by their Colour and Situation, and that the whole body of the Coal was reduc’d into those Liquors, both of them separable from his Immortal Menstruum, which remain’d as fit for such Operations as before.

An Account of the Extraordinary Medicinal Fluid, called Aether. by Matthew Turner

Author: Matthew Turner
Language: English
Wordcount: 5,441 / 23 pg
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wo thirds of it to those about fourteen Years old.


_The Method of applying the AETHER Externally._

To apply it Externally, you must procure a Bit of Linen Rag, of such a Dimension as to be conveniently covered by the Palm of the Hand; moisten this Rag with a little of the AETHER as it lies upon your Palm, and instantly apply it to the Part affected, pressing it very close, so as to prevent the Escape of it’s Fumes, for two or three Minutes, in which Time the Rag will be found dry, and may be taken away. It will be more convenient, on some Occasions, (as in applying it to Paralytic Parts, Rheumatic Pains, and the Gout,) to place the Rag upon a Piece of a soft, thin Bladder and, when moisten’d with the AETHER, to bind it gently upon the Part. A slight Redness usually appears upon the Part after the Application, but it quickly vanishes; but it may sometimes happen, where the Skin is very tender and too much AETHER has been applied to the Forehead, or within the Ears, that it may affect the Skin more than

On the Genesis of Species by St. George Mivart

Author: St. George Mivart
Published: 1871
Language: English
Wordcount: 88,091 / 285 pg
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mnybks.net#: 16274
Genre: Science

individual animal or plant (that which determines an embryo to evolve itself,–as, e.g., a spider rather than a beetle, a rose-plant {2} rather than a pear) is shrouded in obscurity. A fortiori must this be the case with the origin of a “species.”

Moreover, the analogy between a “species” and an “individual” is a very incomplete one. The word “individual” denotes a concrete whole with a real, separate, and distinct existence. The word “species,” on the other hand, denotes a peculiar congeries of characters, innate powers and qualities, and a certain nature realized indeed in individuals, but having no separate existence, except ideally as a thought in some mind.

Thus the birth of a “species” can only be compared metaphorically, and very imperfectly, with that of an “individual.”

Individuals as individuals, actually and directly produce and bring forth other individuals; but no “congeries of characters” no “common nature” as such, can directly bring for

Was Man Created? by Henry A. Mott

Author: Henry A. Mott
Published: 1880
Language: English
Wordcount: 31,583 / 104 pg
Flesch-Kincaid Reading Ease: 37.3
LoC Category: QH

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Added to site: 2009.11.10
mnybks.net#: 25743
Genre: Science

e animate differs from the inanimate–the living from the dead.

Felix Dujardin, a French zoologist (1835) pointed out that the only living substance in the body of rhizopods and other inferior primitive animals, is identical with protoplasm. He called it sarcode. Hugo von Mohl (1846) first applied the name protoplasm to the peculiar serus and mobile substance in the interior of vegetable cells; and he perceived its high importance, but was very far from understanding its significance in relation to all organisms. Not, however, until Ferdinand Cohn (1850) and more fully Franz Unger (1855) had established the identity of the animate and contractile protoplasm in vegetable cells and the sarcode of the lower animals, could Max Shultz in 1856-61 elaborate the protoplasm theory of the sarcode so as to proclaim protoplasm to be the most essential and important constituent of all organic cells, and to show that the bag or husk of the cell, the cellular membrane and intercellular substance, are but sec